Facts on Health & Safety

Construction Accidents

•  56% falls from height
•  21% trapped by something collapsing or overturning
•  10% struck by a moving vehicle
•  5% contact with electricity or electrical discharge
•  4% stuck by a flying/falling object during machine lifting of materials
•  3% contact with moving machinery or material being machined
•  1% exposed to a hot or harmful substance

Safe Access on Site

•  Everyone can get to their place of work safely
•  Edges from which people could fall are provided with double guard rails or other suitable edge protection
•  Holes are protected with clearly marked and fixed covers to prevent falls
•  Site is tidy
•  Good lighting
•  Fenced off from public

Basic Safety Philosophy for Success

•  All accidents are preventable
•  No job is worth getting hurt for
•  Every job will be done safely
•  Incidents can be managed
•  Safety is everyone’s responsibility
•  Continuous improvement
•  Safety as a “way of life” for 24 hours/day
•  All individuals have the responsibility and accountability to identify,
eliminate or manage risks associated with their workplace
•  Legal obligations will be the minimum requirements for our health and
safety standards
•  Individuals will be trained and equipped to have the skills and
facilities to ensure an accident free workplace

Common Causes of Fire

•  Negligence in conducting hot work, such as welding, cutting or grinding
•  Improper use of candles
•  Improper handling of flammable or combustible liquids or flammable gases in near to-potential ignition sources
•  Matches and cigarettes that are improperly disposed of or left unattended near combustibles
•  Smoking in undesignated areas. E.G. Inside the villa, near diesel tanks, combustible materials


•  Damaged electrical conductors, plug wires or extension cords
•  Use of faulty, modified or unapproved electrical equipment
•  Insufficient space or clearance between electrical heating equipment and combustibles
•  Short or overloaded circuits
•  Loose electrical connections
•  Lighting

Safe Ladders

•  Never allow more than one person on a ladder
•  Use tool belts or hand lines to carry objects
•  Do not lean out from the ladder in any direction
•  If you have a fear of heights – do not climb a ladder
•  Do not allow others to work under a ladder in use

Lethal Ladders

Make sure the ladder is:
•  Right for the job. Would scaffolding or a cherry picker be better?
•  In good shape
•  On a firm base and footing 4 up – 1 out
•  Rising at least 1 meter beyond the landing that there is a proper hand hold
•  Always have a firm grip on the ladder and keep a good balance


•  Treat electricity with respect
•  Constantly check that cables are not damaged or worn
•  Keep trailing cables off the ground and away from water
•  Never overload or use makeshift plugs and fuses

The Roof

•  Always inspect a roof before you walk on it
•  You must have protection to stop you from falling off the edge
•  You must use proper safety harness and running cables when working
on top of a roof
•  50% of fatal injuries involving roofs are fall thru fragile materials
•  30% are falls from edges and openings

Excavation Work

•  All excavations must be shored or battered
•  Any excavations should be considered for a guard rail or barrier.
•  Vehicles working too close to the side of the trench or
rubble piled on the sides may cause collapse
•  Vehicles tipping into excavation must use stop blocks
•  Make sure the excavation is inspected daily
•  Ake sure you know where any underground pipes and cables are
before you hit them
•  There is no safe ground that will not collapse
•  Trench sides can collapse without warning

Crane Safety

•  The weight of the load must be carefully estimated
•  The crane must be fitted with a working automatic safe load indicator
•  The crane must always work on a hard, level base
•  The load must be properly fixed and secured
•  The banksman must be trained to give clear signals
•  Never be carried with a load

Traffic Vehicles & Plant

•  Vehicles and pedestrians should be kept apart on site – separate them as much as possible using barriers
•  Adequate clearance around slewing vehicles
•  Avoid reversing where possible & use one-way system
•  Vehicles should have reversing alarms/sirens
•  Passengers only on vehicles designed to carry them

Goods Hoist

•  Installed by a competent person
•  Rated capacity clearly marked
•  Current examination and inspection report
•  Suitable base enclosure to prevent people being struck by moving part of hoist
•  Landing gates kept shut except when platform is at landing

How to use a fire extinguisher

•  Pull the pin
•  Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire
•  Squeeze the handle
•  Sweep the nozzle from side to side

PPE on-site

•  Hard hat
•  Safety Boots
•  Hi-Viz jacket
•  Safety Glasses
•  Ear Muffs
•  Gloves
•  Respiratory mask
•  Safety harness

Manual Handling: Lifting

•  Split the load if possible
•  Assess the weight, shape, freedom to move, centre of gravity, hand holds
•  Use leverage if possible
•  Get close with feet apart
•  Secure grip
•  Bend knees, keep back upright
•  Never twist your back – do a three-point turn
•  Move smoothly
•  Take care when putting down